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Analysis 2 Screening: Borom Sarret (Ousmane Sembene, Senegal, 1963)

The sense I selected is from a black and white short feature film named Ousmane Sembene directed by Senegal. It is only 20 minutes long, shows a day of the suburb of borom sarret of the Senegal’s capital. Even though, the story is simple, but it leave an unforgetalbe impression. Even after month, I can still remmber the simple black and white movie screen that shows the sad mood of the story.

As in the screenshot, Borom Sarret is praying for others food. Borom Sarret is a poor guy but a good farmer, everyday he get out with his horse cab try to get a day of food. Meanwhile, his thin body and his horse’s thin body are interesting. It melt together with the envirorment of the villege. Direct show the human character of the man he take on the cab, the poor has a golden heart, and the man with suit a all liers.

This movie doesn’t have any conversation, only borom sareet’s owe narrative. The film use what Borom sarret saw, observe the society, uses Borom sarret’s speaking to show the directors’ resentful to the society. The movie show great comparation of the human character. Poor village are seen in everywhere in Africa, creepy mud house, muddy road, lack of clothing and food. But the capital is another world in the same country. Tall buildings, fancy cars, everything is in order. But the fancy place isn’t for Borom sarret. It is a totally different city than his own world. In this fancy world he can only meet liars. Cant own his money but been fine by the policeman.

Direct use the comparation of the two world, show his attitude. He think it is not a fair society. Man to men are leveled different, then it is where the moral difference started. Meanwhile, poor farmer shows the tradition of Africa and the city show the result of conlonism.

So I did some research, something about when Sembene come back from Russia’s first movie. At the time Sembene was full of respecting the Chinese and the Cuban. The theory of socialism was a strand in Africa. At the time people think the reason of been poor in Africa is because that colonist. Socialism was tried in many countries in Africa, but the country are still poor. Sembene become the model of films and become mature. The latter, the content contains political become less and less in Sembene’s movie.

À bout de souffle or Breathless

À bout de souffle or Breathless
In “Breathless”, as naturalistic lighting shoot on location dominates most scenes from the film, they draws “Breathless” quite away from traditional film-noir.  not like the low key lighting was commonly used in classical Hollywood film-noir, but Rather than that, some famous French New Wave iconic film techniques like “jump cuts” and “breaking 180 degree rule” were introduced in this film.

without the filming techniques, this the film has a controversy for many people.  I read some reviews on this film, some people said the girl betrayed the man very shamefully. But I’d like to turn over it. the story was focused on the relationship between Michel and Patricia, so I think Particia is not sure if she loved Michel or not, and the dialog in the end can proved it.  She informant to the police to prove the love.  But in fact she actually loves him, so at the end of the story she persuaded him to escape, but he chose to give to give to prove his love for her.  And the phrase that “you are a parasite.”  I think that is not meant to be derogatory, it is more like a flirting, of course, there might have a deep meaning, but It’s certainly not despise this girl.

In addition, the facial expressions when Michel dead are intimate the game.  That’s why I feel he is in love with the girl to death, he did not hate the girl betrayed him, because if he wants to escape it, in fact, there are plenty of opportunities, but he chose to give up on their own initiative, to give reasons but also because he have repeatedly said that he has “Breathless”, and this also points out the film title.  Perhaps my view are not entirely accurate, but Breathless is an successful movie, because only a good one will have so many repercussions.

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